Shoulder bursitis is the inflammation of the shoulder bursa, a sac-like cavity filled with a fluid that reduces friction in joints. The fluid that cushions against friction is called synovial fluid. They are usually available in moving areas such as tendons, bones as well as muscles around joints.
The shoulder is one of the largest joints in the body with a large amount of bursa. It turns out, it is also the common part of the body which is affected by bursitis. If you start feeling pain, tenderness, heat and swelling in your shoulders, you should pay a shoulder specialist a visit and establish exactly if you have shoulder bursitis or not. Movement may also be limited if you suffer from shoulder bursitis. You could also experience pain in the morning or after a physical activity.
Subacromial bursitis is another condition that can cause shoulder pain. Subacromial bursitis usually occurs when bursa is trapped and compressed in the confines of your bone (acromion) and rotator cuff tendons during shoulder movements. Bursitis shoulder treatment is always the best way to heal from the injury.
Causes of Shoulder Bursitis
It is usually caused by a strenuous activity of the shoulder area. Repetitive and strenuous activities such as lifting, throwing, or digging can cause the condition. Sports such as football, baseball as well as basketball have been found to have high incidences of the bursitis. A single serious trauma or injury such as falls or collisions can cause shoulder bursitis. Inflammatory conditions such as systemic lupus erythematosus or rheumatoid arthritis can also contribute to shoulder bursitis. It is interesting to note that bursitis can also occur for no known reason.
How to Prevent Shoulder Bursitis
It all starts from changing some lifestyle routines to reduce the risk as well as severity of shoulder bursitis. Patients should avoid heavy lifting as much as possible and take regular breaks from strenuous activities such as painting or digging.
Shoulder specialists also advise regular exercise that helps to strengthen shoulder muscles. It is also advisable to warm up your shoulder before taking part in a strenuous activity to reduce trauma to the shoulder area. Some stretching and moving of the shoulder muscles ad arm muscles after a physical activity can also reduce muscle inflammation.
Treatment of Shoulder Bursitis
If your shoulder aches, you should look for medical treatment as soon as possible. If bursitis treatment is delayed, calcium deposits will build up in the soft tissues called calcific bursitis. Calcific bursitis can lead to limit movement of the shoulder permanently.
The treatments usually starts with handling the inflammation. Ice compresses is applied to the area to reduce inflammation and also reduce swelling. A patient can be fitted with shoulder sling to support the joint and reduce movement. It is advisable for patients to take rests. A pain relief medication is also prescribed by a doctor as part of the treatment.
It may call for the removal of bursa from the cavity to relieve pressure. The process is usually known as aspiration. Shoulder surgeons can advise on the proper shoulder treatment program to take. The program usually includes physiotherapy, acupuncture, massage and chiropractic. The shoulder bursitis can turn to the worse and call for surgical removal of the damaged bursa.